In this lesson we will cover how to conjugate present tense Spanish verbs ending in – AR. All verbs have two components: the stem and the ending. In order to conjugate a regular verb, we only need to modify the ending (several irregular verbs also change their stem). Regular verbs ending in -AR follow a simple pattern. You need to drop the -AR ending and add the appropriate present tense ending according to the pronoun you want to use. Here is the ending for each pronoun, please take the time to memorize them.
Pronoun in Spanish Present tense ending Pronoun in English
yo -o I
tú -as you
él/ella -a he/she
usted -a you (formal)
nosotros/nosotras -amos we (masculine or feminine)
ustedes -an you (plural)
ellos/ellas -an they (masculine or feminine)
Now take a look at the following conjugations of the verbs amar (to love) and viajar (to travel); the present tense endings are emphasized in bold so you can identify them with their respective pronoun. These endings are always the same for all verbs as long as the verb is a regular verb and has the -AR ending.
amar – to love
yo amo – I love
tú amas – you love
él/ella ama – he/she loves
usted ama – you love (formal)
nosotros amamos – we love
ustedes aman – you love (plural)
ellos/ellas aman – they love (masculine or feminine)
viajar – to travel
yo viajo – I travel
tú viajas – you travel
él/ella viaja – he/she travels
usted viaja – you travel (formal)
nosotros viajamos – we travel
ustedes viajan – you travel (plural)
ellos/ellas viajan – they travel (masculine or feminine)
There are many verbs that have -AR endings, such as caminar (to walk), estudiar (to study), and trabajar (to work). Try to conjugate these verbs in the present tense for all pronouns. In addition to that, try to find the right pronoun(s) just by looking at the conjugated form. For example, if you see bailamos (we dance), you should identify the present tense ending -AMOS and know that it belongs to the pronoun nosotros and nosotras. This is particularly useful since you will find many instances in which the pronoun is omitted.
I hope that you enjoyed today’s lesson on how to conjugate present tense Spanish verbs ending in – AR. You can also try using the Verbarrator Software to help you with conjugating Spanish verbs. Many of my private students have indicated to me that the interactivity of the Verbarrator more than using the standard Spanish verbs resource book: 501 Spanish Verbs.